Everything about Juvenile Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors
Juvenile diabetes or Type 1 diabetes is the condition where the child’s body stops producing one of the most important hormones in the human body (insulin). Children need insulin to survive. Hence, the missing insulin in your child’s body has to be replaced with an insulin pump or injections. Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes in children is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes.
Juvenile diabetes can turn out to be quite overwhelming, especially initially for both the mother and the kids. Suddenly you have to keep track of carbohydrates, monitor your child’s blood sugar, and learn to push injections. Also, type 1 diabetes in kids has no permanent cure; it can only be managed. Recent development in insulin delivery and blood sugar monitoring has helped improve managing blood sugar levels in children. Therefore, making sure these kids lead a better life.
Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms
Below mentioned are symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes in children. These symptoms tend to develop quickly in children and include:
- Frequent behavior changes
- Increase in thirst
- Being very hungry always
- Unnecessary weight loss
- Frequent bed-wetting and urination
- Fruity, weird-smelling breath
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes in Children
The exact cause of juvenile diabetes is still unknown. Generally, what happens with type 1 diabetes patients is the immune system of the body which fights against harmful viruses and bacteria by mistake, starts destroying the cells of the pancreas that produces insulin. Because of this, your child starts producing very little or, in some cases, no insulin at all. Lack of the necessary insulin in your child’s bloodstream may end up causing various life-threatening problems if not treated properly.
Risk factors for juvenile diabetes type 1 include:
- Certain genes can indicate an increase in the risk of type 1 diabetes in children.
- Exposure to different viruses can trigger the destruction of insulin cells.
- Children with parents or siblings having type 1 diabetes are at greater risk of this condition.
- In the US, white kids that have non-Hispanic descent are at greater risk than children who have descended from other races
Juvenile Diabetes Complications
Complications of type 1 diabetes in children include:
- Excessive sugar levels might end up injuring the blood vessels which nourish your kid’s nerves. Nerve damage happens slowly over time.
- Diabetes can lead to vision problems as it might damage blood vessels in the retina
- Diabetes increases the risks of heart disease, high blood pressure, and even stroke.
- Diabetes leads to low bone mineral density.
- Diabetes can end up damaging the blood vessels of the kidney
Prevention of Type 1 Diabetes in Children
As parents, you can’t do much if your child ends up with type 1 diabetes. But you can help prevent any further complications down the line by:
Teaching your child, the necessity of having a well-balanced, healthy diet. Making sure they understand the importance of investing time in physical activities Helping your child to maintain regularly their blood sugar level Visiting your kid’s diabetes doctor regularly
Diabetes generally affects the major organs of your kid’s body. To make sure your child has a happy, healthy, and bright future, it’s important to keep your child’s blood sugar level as close to normal as possible. This will ensure that your child doesn’t face major health risks or complications going further in life.